Glaucoma Specialist

InVision Eye Care

Ophthalmologists, Optometrists, Opticians, & LASIK & Laser Vision Correction Specialists located in Lakewood, NJ & Eatontown, NJ

Patients throughout Lakewood, NJ and the surrounding Ocean County and Monmouth areas can receive innovative care for glaucoma at InVision Eye Care. Our doctors utilize the latest medications and procedures to treat patients with glaucoma.


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Glaucoma Q&A

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma occurs when pressure builds up in the eye and causes optic nerve damage. The condition is often hereditary and is more prevalent among older adults. Untreated, glaucoma will progress over time. When intraocular pressure becomes abnormally high, the resulting nerve damage prohibits the transmission of visual signals from the eye to the brain. Undiagnosed, glaucoma can lead to vision loss and at its worst, blindness. Typically, pressure increases because the fluid inside the eye is not flowing properly. Blockages in the mesh-like channel, called the aqueous humor, can cause a pressure build up. Exactly why a blockage occurs is usually not known.

Are There Different Types of Glaucoma?

There are two types of glaucoma. These are:

  • Open-angle: This is the most common form and occurs when the structures of the eye look normal but fluid is not circulating. It is the result of improper functioning of the drain of the eye, known as the trabecular meshwork.
  • Angle-closure: This type of glaucoma is most prevalent among Asians, because the angle between the iris and cornea is overly narrow among individuals in this population. The pressure build up in this area can come on suddenly, leading to a complete blockage of fluid drainage.

How is Glaucoma Diagnosed?

Ophthalmologists commonly check patients’ intraocular pressure during annual eye exams. This test is known as a tonometry. It is most often conducted using equipment that measures pressure by blowing a puff of air into the patient’s eye. Another testing method uses special instruments that depress or flatten the cornea. Patients are provided numbing drops when instruments are used.

How Do Doctors Treat Glaucoma?

There are three treatments that ophthalmologists typically use to treat glaucoma: eye drops, microsurgery, and laser surgery. Drops minimize the accumulation of fluid in the front section of the individual’s eye, or increase the eye’s ability to circulate fluid so that it flows out. Laser surgery is performed to increase the outflow of eye fluid, or to repair a blockage. Microsurgery is used to create an additional channel for fluid drainage. Another surgical option is to attach glaucoma implants.

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