What Is Hyperopia?
Hyperopia is the medical term for farsightedness, which is a refractive error that causes near vision to be blurry, though distance vision maintains its clarity. People with hyperopia often experience eye strain, eye fatigue and headaches while performing tasks, like reading and computer work, that involve close-up vision, especially when not using corrective lenses.
What Causes Hyperopia?
Hyperopia is caused by light rays entering the eyes not converging or focusing by the time they reach the retina as a result of the length of the eye being too short, an irregularly shaped cornea or eye lens, or a combination of these factors. The result is that hyperopic patients can focus clearly on more distant objects, but not on images that are close at hand.
Hyperopia is a hereditary condition, and is usually present at birth. Age also plays a role in the further development of this condition. During the aging process, the crystalline lens of the eye grows more layers, which makes focusing more difficult.
Symptoms of Hyperopia:
- Blurry close vision
- Occasionally, blurry distance vision
- Eye fatigue
- Eye strain
- Tension headaches
- Squinting when trying to focus up close
- Aching or burning sensation in the eyes
How is Hyperopia Diagnosed?
Many people are not diagnosed with hyperopia without a complete eye exam. For children, school screenings typically do not detect this condition because they test only for distance vision. At InVision Eye Care, your eye doctor can conduct a refractive evaluation to determine whether your eyes focus light rays exactly on the retina at distance and near. A visual acuity test will determine your ability to see sharply and clearly at all distances. Your eye doctor will also check your eye coordination and muscle control, as well as your eyes’ ability to change focus. All of these are important factors in how your eyes see.
What Treatments are Available?
Glasses and contact lenses are used by many for the temporary treatment of hyperopia. However, there are a number of vision correction procedures, including clear lens extraction, CK, LASIK, LTK, phakic IOL and PRK, which can surgically reduce or eliminate hyperopia. Ask your refractive surgeon — Edward Hedaya, MD;Dr. William Greenberg OD; Marc von Roemer, MD; or Dr. Daniel Will — whether you are a candidate for surgical hyperopia treatment.
While there are numerous surgical options available, not all individuals are good candidates for specific procedures. Patients should review these options in depth with their physicians prior to making any final decisions.
Call InVision Eye Care to Schedule an Eye Exam
Are you tired of squinting at your computer or while trying to read a menu? Hyperopia often affects people several times a day, and they find themselves squinting and straining through normal daily activities. To schedule an eye exam for a proper diagnosis of hyperopia and to find out more about the surgical options available to you for treating it, call InVision Eye Care today.